Mánuel Gressai, Balázs Varga, Tamás Tettamanti, István Varga
Communications in Transportation Research
Road traffic congestion has become an everyday phenomenon in today's cities all around the world. The reason is clear: at peak hours, the road network operates at full capacity. In this way, growing traffic demand cannot be satisfied, not even with traffic-responsive signal plans. The external impacts of traffic congestion come with a serious socio-economic cost: air pollution, increased travel times and fuel consumption, stress, as well as higher risk of accidents. To tackle these problems, a number of European cities have implemented reduced speed limit measures. Similarly, a general urban speed limit measure is in preparatory phase in Budapest, Hungary. In this context, a complex preliminary impact assessment is needed using a simulated environment. Two typical network parts of Budapest were analyzed with microscopic traffic simulations. The results revealed that speed limits can affect traffic differently in diverse network types indicating that thorough examination and preparation works are needed prior to the introduction of speed limit reduction.
Road traffic monitoring at intersections is important in traffic engineering practice. Measured data together with traffic estimation represents base input information for traffic management or for road infrastructure development. Measuring turning rates is problematic in roundabouts due to their special geometry. This needs laborious manual traffic counts or other special methods such as automatic number-plate recognition by image processing or Bluetooth sensing, which are more costly compared to the simple automatic cross-sectional detection. As a cost-effective solution to this problem, a hybrid solution is suggested, i.e. using cross-sectional detection combined with advanced estimation. The paper investigated different methods. Traditional iteration based approach as well as estimators adopted from control theory were benchmarked and validated on real-world traffic data as well as via microscopic traffic simulation. Considering different error metrics, it is shown that constrained Kalman Filter and Moving Horizon Estimation provide reliable solution to the turning rate estimation problem in roundabouts.
Viktor Tihanyi, András Rövid, Viktor Remeli, Zsolt Vincze, Mihály Csonthó, Zsombor Pethő, Mátyás Szalai, Balázs Varga, Aws Khalil, Zsolt Szalay
We demonstrate a working functional prototype of a cooperative perception system that maintains a real-time digital twin of the traffic environment, providing a more accurate and more reliable model than any of the participant subsystems—in this case, smart vehicles and infrastructure stations—would manage individually. The importance of such technology is that it can facilitate a spectrum of new derivative services, including cloud-assisted and cloud-controlled ADAS functions, dynamic map generation with analytics for traffic control and road infrastructure monitoring, a digital framework for operating vehicle testing grounds, logistics facilities, etc. In this paper, we constrain our discussion on the viability of the core concept and implement a system that provides a single service: the live visualization of our digital twin in a 3D simulation, which instantly and reliably matches the state of the real-world environment and showcases the advantages of real-time fusion of sensory data from various traffic participants. We envision this prototype system as part of a larger network of local information processing and integration nodes, i.e., the logically centralized digital twin is maintained in a physically distributed edge cloud.